New York Natural Heritage Program
Spruce Flats
Spruce flats at Raquette Boreal Forest Shane Gebauer
System: Terrestrial
SubSystem: Forested Uplands

State Protection: Not Listed
Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S4
A State Rarity Rank of S4 means: Apparently secure in New York State.

Global Rarity Rank: G4?
A Global Rarity Rank of G4? means: Apparently Secure globally (most likely) - Conservation status is uncertain, but most likely uncommon in the world but not rare; usually widespread, but may be rare in some parts of its range; possibly some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors. More information is needed to assign a firm conservation status.


Did you know?
Spruce resin from red and black spruce trees has been used to seal seams and waterproof birch bark canoes. This resin was also used as a gum by native peoples and later by early American settlers. Spruce gum was first manufactured 1845, making it the first commercial chewing gum in the United States. By 1890, it was replaced by chicle from the Latin American sapodilla tree. Today, most gum is produced with synthetic materials.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are several hundred occurrences statewide, but very few are currently documented by New York Natural Heritage. A few documented occurrences have good viability and a few are protected on public land or private conservation land. This community is limited to the northern portion of the state and is concentrated in the Central Adirondacks where there are several very large, high quality examples. The current trend of this community is probably stable for occurrences on public land and private conservation land, or declining slightly elsewhere due to moderate threats related to development pressure and logging.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]