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Heimburger, C.C. 1934. Forest-type studies in the Adirondack Region. Cornell University Experiment Station Memoir 165, Ithaca, New York.
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NatureServe. 2005. NatureServe Central Databases. Arlington, Virginia. USA
Reschke, Carol. 1990. Ecological communities of New York State. New York Natural Heritage Program, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Latham, NY. 96 pp. plus xi.
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Information for this guide was last updated on: 18-Mar-2013