New York Natural Heritage Program
Pitch Pine-Heath Barrens
Pitch pine cones Stephen M. Young
System: Terrestrial
SubSystem: Barrens And Woodlands

State Protection: Not Listed
Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1S2
A State Rarity Rank of S1S2 means: Critically Imperiled or Imperiled in New York - Especially or very vulnerable to disappearing from New York due to rarity or other factors; typically 20 or fewer populations or locations in New York, very few individuals, very restricted range, few remaining acres (or miles of stream), and/or steep declines. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Global Rarity Rank: G4
A Global Rarity Rank of G4 means: Apparently secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.


Did you know?
In the absence of fire, which may be required to maintain this community, pitch pine-heath barrens seem to naturally succeed to pitch pine-oak forest and pine-northern hardwood forest communities. The barrens may have been burned somewhat regularly by early settlers to maintain blueberry crops.

State Ranking Justification [-]
This is a relatively uncommon natural community with an estimated 15 to 30 extant occurrences statewide. A few documented occurrences have good viability and are protected on public land or private conservation land. This community has a limited statewide distribution (correlated to old lake deltas and outwash plains in the Adirondacks). Although there are a few occurrences over 450 acres in size, most are around 100 acres or less. Threats to this community include fire suppression, fragmenting development, recreational overuse, habitat alteration, and to a lesser extent invasive species.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]