New York Natural Heritage Program
Pitch Pine-Scrub Oak Barrens
Pitch Pine-Scrub Oak Barren Stephen M. Young
System: Terrestrial
SubSystem: Barrens And Woodlands

State Protection: Not Listed
Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1
A State Rarity Rank of S1 means: Typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology makes it especially vulnerable in New York State.

Global Rarity Rank: G2
A Global Rarity Rank of G2 means: Imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors.


Did you know?
Oak acorns are an important food source for a wide variety of birds and mammals, but raw oak acorns can be deadly to humans. They were, however, an important food source for Native Americans. Applying a number of different methods, Native Americans used flowing water to leach bitter tannins from acorns making them palatable. For example, acorns were buried in a swamp for a year, or wrapped in a cloth container and submerged in a river overnight. Some native people created a sieve of twigs or pine needles covered by a cloth, supported by stakes above the ground. The raw acorn was ground into a meal and placed in the sieve. Water was poured into the sieve for several hours. The meal was eaten plain, baked into bread, or used as a base in soup.

State Ranking Justification [-]
This is a globally rare natural community with only five documented occurrences statewide. Very few documented occurrences have good viability and very few are protected on public land or private conservation land. This community has a very restricted statewide distribution (correlated to pine barrens and sandy soils). Most examples are moderate in size and a few are good quality. Most pitch pine-scrub oak barrens are located within a suburban landscape and are threatened by development, invasive species, and fire suppression.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]