|Inland salt marsh at Howland Island Wildlife Management Area.
||Gregory J. Edinger
SubSystem: Open Peatlands
State Rarity Rank:
Global Rarity Rank:
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The first area away from the ocean coasts in the United States where the substantial production of salt took place was the Onondaga Lake area in central New York state.
|State Ranking Justification||
This small patch community has been degraded or destroyed throughout its range. The largest examples were likely lost to activities related to salt mining and other industrial development. New York State is at the edge of the range of the community. There are less than five occurrences statewide, and probably not many more historically given that its range is primarily restricted to areas associated with inland salt springs in central New York. Although one documented occurrence has good viability, there are no high quality examples known in the state (i.e., no A- to AB-ranked occurrences). Only two inland salt marshes are protected on public land or private conservation land. The current trend of this community is declining moderately as a result of invasive species, agricultural and urban development, and alteration to the natural hydrology.
The number and acreage of inland salt marshes in New York have declined in recent decades as result of habitat destruction (e.g., filling of wetlands) and the spread of invasive species, such as common reed (Phragmites australis).
The number and acreage of inland salt marshes in New York have probably had a large decline (about 85%) from historical numbers likely correlated to the salt mining industry and other development.