New York Natural Heritage Program
Pine Barrens Vernal Pond
Pine barrens vernal pond at Ballard Corners in Wilton Preserve. Gregory J. Edinger
System: Palustrine
SubSystem: Open Mineral Soil Wetlands

State Protection: Not Listed
Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S2
A State Rarity Rank of S2 means: Typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably make it very vulnerable in New York State.

Global Rarity Rank: G3G4
A Global Rarity Rank of G3G4 means: Vulnerable globally, or Apparently Secure -- At moderate risk of extinction, with relatively few populations or locations in the world, few individuals, and/or restricted range; or uncommon but not rare globally; may be rare in some parts of its range; possibly some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.


Did you know?
Many species of amphibians and reptiles depend on pine barrens vernal ponds for breeding and feeding. The eastern spadefoot toad, Jefferson salamander, and spotted salamander breed in these ponds, and use surrounding upland and wetland habitats. The eastern hognose snake feeds on the toads that depend on the ponds. Several species of amphibians, including the blue-spotted salamander and wood frog, will only breed in temporary ponds, which are free of the danger of predation by fish.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are very few occurrences of pine barrens vernal ponds statewide. Some pine barrens vernal ponds are too small to be protected by the New York State freshwater wetland regulations. A few documented occurrences have good viability and are protected on public land or private conservation land. This community has limited statewide distribution and tends to be embedded within pine barrens, which depend on fire to maintain an open habitat. The current trend of this community is probably stable for occurrences on public land, or declining slightly elsewhere due to moderate threats related to development pressure, alteration to the natural hydrology, reduced protection regulations for isolated wetlands, and perhaps fire suppression. This community has declined moderately from historical numbers likely correlated with mining, logging, and development of the surrounding landscape.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]