New York Natural Heritage Program
Shrub Swamp
Shrub swamp at Ludlow Creek Marsh Stephen M. Young
System: Palustrine
SubSystem: Open Mineral Soil Wetlands

State Protection: Not Listed
Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S5
A State Rarity Rank of S5 means: Demonstrably secure in New York State.

Global Rarity Rank: G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G5 means: Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.


Did you know?
Speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa) is a nitrogen-fixing shrub that has been found to increase the concentration of inorganic nitrogen in the surface waters of the Adirondacks. Native Americans used speckled alder in combination with bloodroot, wild plum, and red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea) to make a scarlet dye for porcupine quill embroidery. Inuit people and settlers extracted a dark dye from the bark for tanning and staining hides. The bark was boiled to make medicinal teas for treating rheumatism and was also applied to wounds as a poultice to reducing bleeding and swelling.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are several thousand shrub swamps statewide. Some documented occurrences have good viability and many are protected on public land or private conservation land. This community has statewide distribution, and includes a few large, high quality examples. The current trend of this community is probably stable for occurrences on public land and private conservation land, or declining slightly elsewhere due to moderate threats that include alteration of the natural hydrology and invasive species.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]