|Shallow emergent marsh along the south shore of Newton Ponds.
||Gregory J. Edinger
SubSystem: Open Mineral Soil Wetlands
State Rarity Rank:
Global Rarity Rank:
Did you know?
One characteristic plant of shallow emergent marshes is the cardinal flower. The bright, scarlet red flower attracts its pollinator, the ruby-throated hummingbird. This hummingbird is the only hummingbird that breeds in eastern North America. It winters in Central America and the cardinal flower has timed its blooming season to correspond to the hummingbird's migration south. According to legend, the flower was named for the red robes worn by cardinals in the Catholic Church.
|State Ranking Justification||
There are several thousand occurrences statewide. Some documented occurrences have good viability and several are protected on public land or private conservation land. This community has statewide distribution, and includes a few large, high quality examples. The current trend of this community is probably stable for occurrences on public land, or declining slightly elsewhere due to moderate threats that include alteration of the natural hydrology and invasive species.
The number and acreage of shallow emergent marshes in New York have probably remained stable in recent decades as a result of wetland protection regulations. There may be a few cases where this community has increased as a result of abandoned agriculture land.
The number and acreage of shallow emergent marshes in New York have substantially declined (50-75%) from historical numbers likely correlated to the alteration to the natural hydrology and to direct destruction, especially near urban areas.