New York Natural Heritage Program
Cranefly Orchid
Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nutt.

Habitat [-]
The plants are located in a mesic, rich (apparently acid) woods with oak, beech and maple that is quite swampy with a shrubby to open understory. The plants are in leaf litter. A historical record grew in wet woods with laurel and holly (New York Natural Heritage Program 2012). Rich damp woods (Gleason and Cronquist 1991).

Associated Ecological Communities [-]
  • Red maple-hardwood swamp
    A hardwood swamp that occurs in poorly drained depressions, usually on inorganic soils. Red maple is usually the most abundant canopy tree, but it can also be codominant with white, green, or black ash; white or slippery elm; yellow birch; and swamp white oak.

Associated Species [-]
  • Red Maple (Acer rubrum)
  • Common Wintergreen (Chimaphila umbellata)
  • Beechdrops (Epifagus virginiana)
  • American Beech (Fagus grandifolia)
  • Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
  • Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea)
  • Mapleleaf Viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)