New York Natural Heritage Program
Bayard's Adder's-mouth Orchid
Malaxis bayardii Fern.
Monocots
Malaxis bayardii Tagliapietra-Scherbavaz
Family: Orchid Family (Orchidaceae)

State Protection: Endangered
listed species are those with: 1) 5 or fewer extant sites, or 2) fewer than 1,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to fewer than 4 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) species listed as endangered by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1
A State Rarity Rank of S1 means: This plant is endangered/critically imperiled in New York because of extreme rarity (typically 5 or fewer populations or very few remaining individuals) or is extremely vulnerable to extirpation from New York due to biological factors.

Global Rarity Rank: G1G2
A Global Rarity Rank of G1G2 means: Critically Imperiled or Imperiled globally - At very high or high risk of extinction due to rarity or other factors; typically 20 or fewer populations or locations in the world, very few individuals, very restricted range, few remaining acres (or miles of stream), and/or steep declines. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.


Did you know?
This is one of the smallest of our native orchids and very difficult to find. The only known New York population has been in decline and may even no longer exist. There are only about a half dozen known populations of this plant worldwide.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are five historical populations plus a single population that is questionably still extant. This population was last observed with one plant in 1997 and has not been seen since despite multiple surveys and excellent boundary markings around the population. This population has had as many as 28 individuals. There remains questions as to whether or not this population may reappear. Active management is needed before we can hope to recover this population. In addition, surveys are needed on Long Island, the Hudson Highlands, and the Shawangunk Mountains as they hold potential for additional populations.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]