New York Natural Heritage Program
Golden Club
Orontium aquaticum L.
Monocots
Orontium aquaticum inflorescence and leaves Stephen M. Young
Family: Arum Family (Araceae)

State Protection: Threatened
listed species are those with: 1) 6 to fewer than 20 extant sites, or 2) 1,000 to fewer than 3,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to not less than 4 or more than 7 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) listed as threatened by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S2
A State Rarity Rank of S2 means: This plant is threatened/imperiled in New York because of rarity (typically 6-20 populations or few remaining individuals) or is vulnerable to extirpation from New York due to biological factors.

Global Rarity Rank: G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G5 means: This species is demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.


Did you know?
Golden club really has a split personality when it comes to habitats. It occurs in two very different wetland habitats in New York; in freshwater intertidal mud flats and marshes and also in the peat moss of a few shrub bogs. This is the only species in the genus and, unlike the related jack-in-the-pulpit, this genus has only a Jack and no pulpit! The starch in the rhizomes and seeds is edible once it is boiled (Mabberley 1987).

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are 13 existing populations but only two of these are in Sphagnum bogs and not in freshwater tidal areas. About half of the populations are in good to excellent condition. There are seven historical records from Long Island that are probably extirpated.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]