New York Natural Heritage Program
Virginia Pine
Pinus virginiana P. Mill.
Conifers
Pinus virginiana Stephen M. Young
Family: Pine Family (Pinaceae)

State Protection: Endangered
listed species are those with: 1) 5 or fewer extant sites, or 2) fewer than 1,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to fewer than 4 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) species listed as endangered by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1
A State Rarity Rank of S1 means: This plant is endangered/critically imperiled in New York because of extreme rarity (typically 5 or fewer populations or very few remaining individuals) or is extremely vulnerable to extirpation from New York due to biological factors.

Global Rarity Rank: G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G5 means: This species is demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.


Did you know?
Virginia pine has been used to reclaim abandoned lands and strip-mine sites because it survives well in poor soils and is resistant to pests (Pinus virginiana in USDA Forest Service fact sheets, accessed 16 November 2007). It is at its northern limit on Staten Island and the Hudson Highlands.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are four existing populations but all of them are very small and under some threat from the surrounding vegetation. There are about five or six historical records but some of these may be the same occurrence as existing populations and others are from areas that are highly developed with little chance that they still exist.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]