New York Natural Heritage Program
Coast Violet
Viola brittoniana Pollard

Habitat [-]
The only extant site for Coast Violet in New York is along trails and roadsides in a wet pine barrens. It was previously collected from a sandy Long Island grassland (New York Natural Heritage Program 2010). Moist sandy woods and flats (Rhoads and Block 2000). Well drained soil in woods, clearings and glades (Gleason and Cronquist 1991). Sandy or peaty soil (Fernald 1970).

Associated Ecological Communities [-]
  • Hempstead Plains grassland
    A tall grassland community that occurs on rolling outwash plains in west-central Long Island. This community occurs inland, beyond the influence of offshore winds and salt spray.
  • Mowed roadside/pathway
    A narrow strip of mowed vegetation along the side of a road, or a mowed pathway through taller vegetation (e.g., meadows, old fields, woodlands, forests), or along utility right-of-way corridors (e.g., power lines, telephone lines, gas pipelines). The vegetation in these mowed strips and paths may be dominated by grasses, sedges, and rushes; or it may be dominated by forbs, vines, and low shrubs that can tolerate infrequent mowing.
  • Pitch pine-scrub oak barrens
    A shrub-savanna community that occurs on well-drained, sandy soils that have developed on sand dunes, glacial till, and outwash plains.

Associated Species [-]
  • Coast Pepper-bush (Clethra alnifolia)
  • Teaberry (Gaultheria procumbens)
  • Canadian St. John's-wort (Hypericum canadense)
  • Eastern Yellow Stargrass (Hypoxis hirsuta)
  • Path Rush (Juncus tenuis)
  • Nipple-seed Plantain (Plantago major)
  • (Potentilla)
  • Eastern Bracken (Pteridium aquilinum)
  • Horned Beakrush (Rhynchospora capillacea)
  • Bristly Dewberry (Rubus hispidus)
  • Little Bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)
  • Primrose-leaf Violet (Viola primulifolia)