New York Natural Heritage Program
Sweetbay Magnolia
Magnolia virginiana L.
Dicots
Fruit and red seeds David Smith, Delaware wildflowers
Family: (Magnoliaceae)

State Protection: Endangered
listed species are those with: 1) 5 or fewer extant sites, or 2) fewer than 1,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to fewer than 4 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) species listed as endangered by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1
A State Rarity Rank of S1 means: This plant is endangered/critically imperiled in New York because of extreme rarity (typically 5 or fewer populations or very few remaining individuals) or is extremely vulnerable to extirpation from New York due to biological factors.

Global Rarity Rank: G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G5 means: This species is demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.


Did you know?
This tree has been in the horticultural trade since 1688 (Dirr 1975) making it hard at times to distinguish between natural populations and trees that have escaped from ornamental plantings.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are eight existing populations but none with more than 50 trees. Four of the populations may have been planted, But is difficult to tell without more study. There are two historical populations from 1884 and 1916 respectively, but they no longer exist.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]