New York Natural Heritage Program
Basil-balm
Monarda clinopodia L.
Dicots

Best Life Stage for Proper Identification [-]
A flowering stem is required for positive identification of this species.

Similar Species [-]
Monarda media has an unspotted red-purple corolla and bract blades tinged or suffused with purple and a much larger upper corollla lip (13-16mm). In contrast M clinopodia has a white to ochroleucous (rarely pink) corolla with a purple spotted lower lip and small upper lip 5-8 mm. M. fistulosa has a light purple (rarely purple to red-purple or white) corolla with its upper lip densely villous near its apex with hairs having pale septa vs. the upper lip abaxial surface not or only sparsely villous with hairs having red-purple septa (GoBotany 2015).
Basil-balm Images
click to enlarge
The Best Time to See
Flowering typically begins in early July and continues through mid-September.
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Flowering
The time of year you would expect to find Basil-balm flowering (green shading) in New York.