New York Natural Heritage Program
Basil-balm
Monarda clinopodia L.
Dicots
Monarda clinopodia flowers John Gwaltney
Family: Mint Family (Lamiaceae)

State Protection: Endangered
listed species are those with: 1) 5 or fewer extant sites, or 2) fewer than 1,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to fewer than 4 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) species listed as endangered by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1S2
A State Rarity Rank of S1S2 means: Critically Imperiled or Imperiled in New York - Especially or very vulnerable to disappearing from New York due to rarity or other factors; typically 20 or fewer populations or locations in New York, very few individuals, very restricted range, few remaining acres (or miles of stream), and/or steep declines. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Global Rarity Rank: G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G5 means: This species is demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.


Did you know?
The first New York specimen of this species was collected way back in 1867 at Niagara Falls by Edwin Hunt (1837-1880), a professor of Natural Sciences at the Utica Academy who had a herbarium of 4000 specimens that was bought by Asa Gray. (New York State Museum records). This is our only species of Monarda with white flowers but they sometimes vary to pink.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are 5 verified occurrences, all with low numbers, and 31 historical occurrences.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]