New York Natural Heritage Program
Mock-pennyroyal
Hedeoma hispida Pursh
Dicots
Hedeoma hispidum Stephen M. Young
Family: Mint Family (Lamiaceae)

State Protection: Threatened
listed species are those with: 1) 6 to fewer than 20 extant sites, or 2) 1,000 to fewer than 3,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to not less than 4 or more than 7 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) listed as threatened by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S2S3
A State Rarity Rank of S2S3 means: Imperiled or Vulnerable in New York - Very vulnerable to disappearing from New York, or vulnerable to becoming imperiled in New York, due to rarity or other factors; typically 6 to 80 populations or locations in New York, few individuals, restricted range, few remaining acres (or miles of stream), and/or recent and widespread declines. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Global Rarity Rank: G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G5 means: This species is demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.


Did you know?
The genus name Hedeoma comes from the greek word "hedyosmon", an ancient name for mint meaning sweet scent. The leaves and stem are hispid, meaning covered with short stiff hairs, thus the species name. This species is closely related to American pennyroyal, Hedeoma pulegioides, which had many medicinal and culinary uses. The Anglo/Norman word "puliol real" meaning Royal Pulegium or Royal Fleabane (pulex is latin for flea), was eventually changed into the modern word Pennyroyal.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are 11 existing populations but only three of these are large and protected. The remainder of the populations have less than 100 plants each. There are 17 historical occurrences and it is expected that with more surveys and a better understanding of habitat preference, many more populations could be found. Since this species is similar to the more common American pennyroyal it may be overlooked.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]