New York Natural Heritage Program
American Ipecac
Euphorbia ipecacuanhae L.
Dicots
Euphorbia ipecacuanhae in flower Stephen M. Young
Family: Spurge Family (Euphorbiaceae)

State Protection: Endangered
listed species are those with: 1) 5 or fewer extant sites, or 2) fewer than 1,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to fewer than 4 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) species listed as endangered by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1
A State Rarity Rank of S1 means: This plant is endangered/critically imperiled in New York because of extreme rarity (typically 5 or fewer populations or very few remaining individuals) or is extremely vulnerable to extirpation from New York due to biological factors.

Global Rarity Rank: G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G5 means: This species is demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.


Did you know?
This plant has been used to make an emetic (causes vomiting to clear the stomach) called Wild Ipecacuanha or syrup of ipecac. The original Ipecacuanha, (Psychotria ipecacuanha) of the family Rubiaceae, is a tropical, small, shrubby flowering plant, the root of which is most commonly used to make syrup of ipecac. It is native to Brazil and was known to Europeans by the mid-1600s. Its name comes from the Tupi language i-pe-kaa-gu?ne, translated as 'road-side sick-making plant' (Wikipedia contributors).

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are 4 small existing populations and about 20 historical occurrences.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]