New York Natural Heritage Program
Wild Comfrey
Cynoglossum virginianum var. virginianum
Dicots
Cynoglossum virginianum var. virginianum line drawing Britton, N.L., and A. Brown (1913); downloaded from USDA-Plants Database
Family: Borage Family (Boraginaceae)

State Protection: Endangered
listed species are those with: 1) 5 or fewer extant sites, or 2) fewer than 1,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to fewer than 4 U.S.G.S. 7 minute topographical maps, or 4) species listed as endangered by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: SH
A State Rarity Rank of SH means: This plant is only historically known from New York State, typically with the last plant observed over 20 years ago. Many SH plants have not been seen in 50-100 years.

Global Rarity Rank: G5T5
A Global Rarity Rank of G5T5 means: Secure globally - Both the species as a whole and the subspecies/variety are common in the world; widespread and abundant (but may be rare in some parts of its range).


Did you know?
The genus name Cynoglossum is from the Greek "cynos", of a dog, and "glossa", tongue and refers to the rough, tongue-shaped leaf. The European Hound's-tongue, a close relative, was believed in ancient times to heal the bite of dogs and to keep dogs from barking. Our native wild comfrey has been used by Native Americans for medicinal purposes.

State Ranking Justification [-]
No populations are known within New York today and no populations have been reported since 1914. This plant is very likely extirpated from the state, but we need to research the habitat requirements and likely distribution to determine if any suitable habitat remains, verify all herbarium records, and search past historical populations before the rank is changed to extirpated.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]