New York Natural Heritage Program
Northern Wild Comfrey
Andersonglossum boreale (Fernald) Jim.Mejías, J.I. Cohen & Naczi
Dicots
Cynoglossum virginianum var. boreale Sandy Bonanno
Family: Borage Family (Boraginaceae)

State Protection: Endangered
listed species are those with: 1) 5 or fewer extant sites, or 2) fewer than 1,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to fewer than 4 U.S.G.S. 7 ˝ minute topographical maps, or 4) species listed as endangered by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S1S2
A State Rarity Rank of S1S2 means: Critically Imperiled or Imperiled in New York - Especially or very vulnerable to disappearing from New York due to rarity or other factors; typically 20 or fewer populations or locations in New York, very few individuals, very restricted range, few remaining acres (or miles of stream), and/or steep declines. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status.

Global Rarity Rank: G5T4T5
A Global Rarity Rank of G5T4T5 means: Apparently or Demonstrably Secure globally - The subspecies/variety is uncommon to common in the world, but not rare; usually widespread, but may be rare in some parts of its range; possibly some cause for long-term concern due to declines or other factors. More information is needed to assign a single conservation status. (The species as a whole is common globally.)


Did you know?
The genus name Cynoglossum is from the Greek "cynos", of a dog, and "glossa", tongue, refers to the rough, tongue-shaped leaf. The European Hound's-tongue, a close relative, was believed in ancient times to heal the bite of dogs and to keep dogs from barking. Our native wild comfrey has been used by Native Americans for medicinal purposes.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are only three known populations today, although two dozen or more may have been present in the past. The range appears to be retracting northward, but the precise reason for this is not known. More surveys should be conducted in and around the Adirondack region as well as within the Catskills.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]