New York Natural Heritage Program
False Lettuce
Lactuca floridana (L.) Gaertn.

Habitat [-]
The plants occur in oak-hickory forest on rich, moist soil. A historical specimen was from hilly, rich woods (New York Natural Heritage Program 2012). Rich woods, thickets and openings (Fernald 1970). Thickets, woods, and moist, open places (Gleason & Cronquist 1991).

Associated Ecological Communities [-]
  • Appalachian oak-hickory forest
    A hardwood forest that occurs on well-drained sites, usually on ridgetops, upper slopes, or south- and west-facing slopes. The soils are usually loams or sandy loams. This is a broadly defined forest community with several regional and edaphic variants. The dominant trees include red oak, white oak, and/or black oak. Mixed with the oaks, usually at lower densities, are pignut, shagbark, and/or sweet pignut hickory.

Associated Species [-]
  • Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis)
  • Pignut Hickory (Carya glabra)
  • White Wood-aster (Eurybia divaricata)
  • White Ash (Fraxinus americana)
  • Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)
  • Large False Solomon‘s-seal (Maianthemum racemosum)
  • (Parthenocissus quinquefolius)
  • Jumpseed (Persicaria virginiana)
  • Wild Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)
  • Rambler Rose (Rosa multiflora)
  • Rough-leaf Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)