Family: Giant Silkworm and Royal Moths (Saturniidae)
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The Pine Devil derives its name from the presence of large "horns" on the caterpillar. The caterpillar feeds on pines.
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The Pine Devil was last documented in New York State in 1984, as pupae collected from Montauk, Long Island. It is unknown whether it still exists in New York State. The species was eradicated from New England (approximately 5% or more of its range), likely due to the introduced parasitoid fly Compsilura concinnata. Currently, the Pine Devil is thought to be extirpated or very rare north of Pennsylvania and New Jersey (Maier et al. 2004). Additional surveys are needed to better understand its status and distribution in the state.
The short-term trend for the Pine Devil in New York State indicates that the population is declining. In recent decades, the species has only been documented at one location, at which it was last seen in 1984.
The long-term trend for the Pine Devil in New York State indicates that the population is declining. The species used to occur in southeastern New York State, but now seems to be extirpated from the area (NatureServe 2010).